A Survey on Bazian Town


Wshyar Jamal
Researcher & Writer

Bazian is located in the northeast of Iraq, also, the east of the Kurdistan region and the southwest of Sulaimani Governorate; this town geographically fills between Kirkuk and Sulaimani. It is called Bazian area because it surrounded by a series of mountains that start from Baranan and ends with Tokma, from this point it extends to the west which is known as Kunagurg and Xarbanalu mountains; they divide Bazian plains into two parts like Haias and Kiwik plains.

This town administratively belongs to Sulaimani province and provided into (53) villages. Bazian’s area is (368) kilometer square and (550) meter it’s heights above the sea.

This area famed by its geological ingredients like (boulder) which is the main source to make limestone, this constituent has a great impact economically to the cement factories and developing agriculture as well.

The climate of Bazian its quite looks like Sulaimani while if we go higher the temperature is lowered down. The irrigation sources are consisting of many tributaries such as Lazian, Gopalla, Haias, etc. Conversely, in the field of groundwater, it has lots of springs, canals and deep wells.

Besides, Bazian plain is announced to its fertile soil for agriculture and a wide range of grassland, according to (2014-2015) statistics the farmers in Bazian have created (2392) agricultural plastic houses and the number has increased dramatically to (8500) plastic houses in (2018) whereas it becomes (10000) houses. Furthermore, Sulaimani Directorate of statistics accounted (41) ranches, (27) livestock halls, (45853) heads of sheep, (7814) goats, (7400) cows and (101) beekeeper in 2014. Likewise, Bazian forests include (11%) of Sulaimani forests which is (23839) acres.

Belonging to the Iraqi statistics the number of citizenship was (5479) people in (1957) while in (2009) become (36723) in (2018) become (49915), following the estimation the number of its population is (50833) people currently. The reason behind not increasing the population of this town normally refers to the fascist and racist policy of the Iraqi regime because this area became a battle zone between Iran and Iraq.

After (2003) this town has changed dramatically to an industrial city which provides (30%) of the industry in Iraq due to its proper geography, climate and raw material, the government supports the businessmen too. Currently, there are (200) different economic projects in Bazian, for example, four cement factories, Bazian refinery, steel factory, etc.

Many authors have a different opinion about the history of Bazian, for example, Umed Xatab is an instructor at Charmu University says, Masoud Mohammad, states that the name of Bazian comes from (Bajian) which means (tax) in English because people at that time have taken tax from the foreigners in the Bazian Canyon (Darbendi Bazian) the Kurdish name. On the other hand, the historian Karim Zend says the name of Bazian belongs to the name of the two ancient Kurdish tribes. Bazian canyon wall has built-in (1805) in the era of Abdulrahman Pasha of Baban.

On 19th March of (1919), a battle was happened between sheikh Mahmoud and the Britons in Bazian canyon under the leadership of general Frasier, as a result, Sheikh was arrested by the Britons and they sent him to India. The reason was the unbalanced force and the discordance among some of the Kurdish tribe leaders and Sheikh Mahmoud. In (2013) Bazian canyon has renovated by the Kurdistan Regional Government, it is one of the ancient archeological places in the area and Kurdistan.

In (1927) Bazian administratively announced as a town while some believed that Bazian had become a town in the Sheikh Mahmoud era. The first town director was Mahmoud Faqe Mohammad Hamawandi but the directorate building located in Tainal. In (1988) under the order of Baath regime, the directorate building has relocated to the center of Bazian because Saddam has expelled the rural areas and stabilized them in Bazian, it remains the same up until now.

On 6th of March (1991) Bazian population became the second town upraised against the Saddam regime After Rania city, they liberated the area alongside peshmarga forces.

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