To the History of (236th) Anniversary of Sulaimani

In order to understand and acknowledging about the history, construction and sustainability of this city, we concentrate on some points, in brief, then we discuss on the happening and the developing of the city which requires a new study about its history.
PM:05:31:19/11/2020


Shaho Othman Saeed Qadir
Writer

In order to understand and acknowledging about the history, construction and sustainability of this city, we concentrate on some points, in brief, then we discuss on the happening and the developing of the city which requires a new study about its history.

Sulaimani can be accounted for as a top of the Kurdistan cities breaking the paths from here and spreads to all Kurdistan cities. For instance, composing the Kurdish language and grammar in (1909) by (Khalil Khayali) who was founded the Kurdish alphabet, the Mr. Amin Baldar maintained the notion; the first journal was published via the educated and loyal people of this city was called (Omedi Istiqlal), for the first time printing was progressed in Sulaimani in (1920) and has diffused to Kurdistan, also, a stunning art like music, cinema, drama, drawing, etc. presented in this city, it has competed with the whole territories in Iraq.

Moreover, making policy, civilized activity, groups, political parties, training and populist syndicate have been established in this city, later transferred to the rest of Kurdistan cities. Likewise, for the first time university has built-in Sulaimani in (1968).

Sulaimani was constructed in the era of Babanese; in (1784) the Baban prince Ibrahim Pasha has mobilized the capital of Baban from Qallachwalan to Sulaimani. Because geographically Qallachwalan was close to the Iran border while Sulaimani (17) kilometers away from that city that’s why Ibrahim Pasha changed the capital location of Baban. While Ibrahim pasha spent most of his childhood and youth in Baghdad that might have affected his life to think about the creation of a wide city like Sulaimani.

Sulaimani has built to become capital and governing via the Babanese, although it was impossible in Qallachwalan, the reasons behind creating Sulaimani:

1- Administrative and policy, the Baban prince wanted to away from Iran for the sake of accomplishing more security, safe in the new city, constant progress to the city administration and the Emirate.

2- Geographically, this city had a strategic location for trading than other places.

3- An appropriate place to expand either for reconstruction or agriculture, for example, Sharazoor and Bazian Plains.

After the rule of the Babanese, a Turkish nationality that was named Ismail Pasha became the dynast of Sulaimani and they established their people in the city. In order to break the Emirate up, Abdullah Pasha and his brother Ahmed Pasha were invited to visit Baghdad, as a result, both of them were arrested there and sent to Istanbul in that way the era of the Babani family ended in (1881).

The Turkish has ruled Sulaimani directly and constructed a military garrison for the first time. On the other hand, in the First World War, the Ottomans have defeated, at that time a security space was seen in the city, Malik Mahmoud could form an administration, later, in (1920) but the Britons couldn’t let him manage that Kurdish administrative or announce a Kurdish state, they captured him and sent to the south of Iraq, finally, in (1925) Sulaimani became an Iraqi city officially.



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