A Crucial Modification

The climate changes in the last decades cause to raise the temperature of the earth, as a result, it contains the North Pole which locates on the north globe and the Arctic Ocean melts in summer.
PM:01:28:15/01/2021


Ranj Nawzad
Researcher & Writer

The climate changes in the last decades cause to raise the temperature of the earth, as a result, it contains the North Pole which locates on the north globe and the Arctic Ocean melts in summer.

If the climate remains in this way, it is anticipated in a few months of summer the Arctic Ocean will appropriate for commercial cruise and mining natural resources. It concerns the geopolitical equations via the world, essentially, the countries like America, China and Russia.

China’s concern to the North Pole refers to the 80s of the last century; it was focused on scientific research, after 2010, China’s care was raised more for that area which devoted a tremendous amount of budget to that area. According to some Chinese research, it is predicted in 2030 the North Pole is proper for voyaging in summer season, for that reason, China has carried out several contracts and understanding with Russia, Island and Greenland to invest in the North Pole and becomes an essential way for its commercial cruises in the future.

Why the North Pole is important to China? As its clear China uses the waterways to transport its productions across the world, however, most of the waterways are under the authority of America such as the Indian Ocean, China Sea, Hormoz Strait, Swiss, Bab al-Mandab and Cape of Good Hope. China uses all those ways to reach the Middle East, India, Africa, Europe and America. Those ways are called the south ways. If China can utilize the north way, it doesn’t need to concentrate more on the ways under the authority of America. The Arctic Ocean combines the pacific and Atlantic oceans without crossing the Indian Ocean.

Moreover, some of the hypotheses say, (30%) of not finding natural gas and (10%) of oil in the world locate that place; hence, China acquires an alternative source out of the US power.

Furthermore, it shortened (40%) of the distance for the China ships to Europe and vice versa. Likewise, the North Pole is under the authority of Russia more that’s why China can deal with Russia.

The importance of the North Pole to Russia

The Arctic Ocean and the North Pole become a part of the Russian identity; Russia has planned to use the natural resources of that area to preserve its power in the world of energy, particularly, natural gas. Besides, if the Arctic Ocean melts Russian can easily arrive at the warm waters and a new waterway will build among Russia, Europe and China.

On the other hand, America has a border with the Arctic Ocean through Alaska; this depends on the visionary and intelligence of the US politicians whom they purchased Alaska for (7.2) million dollars in 1867. America wants to detect the bilateral plan of Russia and China in the area from Alaska. Comparing to other countries around the world America doesn’t have such a powerful force in that area because most of that area freezes continuously; conversely, America doesn’t stay silent against both countries to fulfill their plan. So, in the military budget of 2021, the US has devoted a budget to construct a port in Alaska to deploy more forces in that area.

All the plans, optimistic and the fear of Russia, China and America belong to the climate change if the global temperature lowers the Arctic Ocean will melt if it’s not the goal and the plan will fail, but if the Arctic Ocean melts as China predicts unbelievable change of geopolitical, economy and trading will happen in the world and the earth’s poles become the field of conflict.



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