The linguistic policies of the first Pahlavi State

The linguistic policies of the first Pahlavi State and its consequences (insisting on establishing schools)

Translation Unit
Academic Board of the Center

The first-time intellectuals of the first Pahlavi State consider national unity as a prelude to the "Iran" political alliance and a way to minimize ethnic and national problems. According to them, occurring this purpose in their view means eliminating all differences including a way of life, clothing, language, etc.

That's why because of domination of Persian language during the authority of various governments and a historical role that these intellectuals of language towards national unity in their view, they were convinced that language as one of the main principles of the policy of unification attracted the attention of intellectuals and authorities. For this purpose, the state was trying through learning and educational development organizations (Intellectual institution), Employment and employing local teachers and prohibition use of local languages and dialects to allow development of a single language in reaching the national unity through modifying its own expression. But by using the methods of oppression, the intervention of military forces such as the Artesh, the prohibition of using the Kurdish language and trying to weaken this language is not only strengthen the position of Persian language among Kurds, but also had impacts of Persian language on Kurds, it also had negative effects and reactions, and it was due to more suppression led Kurdish desires for their language. Analyzing the goal, the trend and future of the language policies of the first Pahlavi state in Kurdistan is relying on in this study.

1-The Persian language and unifying the culture in the first Pahlavi state period

The first Iran's intellectual’s side by comparing Iran's situation with Europe reached this result which is a reason for all the country’s undeveloped of the state belong to dictatorship of the dominant authority and the lack of law, and because of that, this movement was demanded of conditional system.

But the revolution in Iran did not fulfill the demands of this intellectual, the differences and conflicts between the militias, decreasing the king (Pasha)'s authority, the intervention of foreign countries and then the occurrence of the first world war and invasion of Iran by the coalition forces (Mutafiq) was cause of a distortion that had not happened before in Iran.

Intellectuals were aware of the fact that most of the distortions of an end of Qajar era in the area of Azerbaijan, Kurdistan and Khuzestan (Ahawaz) occurred, the existence of ethnic, linguistic and religious differences in Iran's geography was considered as a threat of force and danger in front of the establishment of the national state. Uniting and unifying the nations in terms of clothing, developing Persian language as the official national language, establishing state schools and creating a lumpier for using local languages and dialects means the languages and dialects of other nations is only a part of the mechanism of uniformity and unifying of the first Pahlavi state.

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